Baking 101

Baking 101: How To Make Pie Crust By Hand

Let’s talk about pie crust!  It’s important because hopefully you have a homemade Apple Cranberry Crumble Pie making it’s way to your holiday table this year.  Pies come in a few parts, homemade pie crust, loads of filling, and some sort of topping (crumble of crust) –  but every solid pie starts with a flaky crust.  

Making a pie from scratch can be intimidating.  I know it.  I really do.  I teach people how to make pie crust a lot and I know it’s scary.  I have a tremendous track record.  We’ve got this.  

There are a few tricks to making a flaky pie crust from scratch – believe in yourself (this goes a long way, I swear), keep your fat and your water cold, work fairly quickly, add more water if necessary, and knead gently but confidently.  

Here are some step-by-step photos to walk us through but leave a comment below if you have any burning pie crust questions!  

Others in the BAKING 101 SERIES:  

The more you know! 

Rule #1:  Keep The Fats and Liquids COLD 

Cold butter is essential for this pie dough recipe.  We want the butter cold so when the cold butter hits the hot oven, the water inside the butter rises and evaporates quickly, creating a perfectly layered and flaky crust.  

A flaky crust starts with cold butter.

For this recipe, I’ve frozen the sticks of butter for about 30 minutes before making the pie crust and used the wide side of a box grater to grate the butter instead of chopping it into cubes.  Grated the butter is fast and creates an even butter flake.  

It’s also pretty dang fun! 

Toss the cold, grated butter into the flour, sugar, and salt mixture.  Toss to coat.  

Now it’s time to get out hands in the mix which brings us to…

Rule #2: Work quickly 

We’ll use our fingers to break the butter into the flour mixture.  Gather flour and butter into your fingers and use thumbs to press the butter into the flour.  Quickly repeat until some butter bits are the size of oat flakes.  

Lots of butter flakes.  See? 

We’ll create a well in the center of the butter and flour mixture for our cold water. 

We’ll start by adding 6 tablespoon of very cold ice water.  No ice in the dough, just the cold cold water. 

Use a fork or a wooden spoon to toss the mixture together.  We’re not really stirring the dough at this point, we’re tossing the dough together in an effort to moisten every bit.  

The dough may be shaggy so add more cold water and toss once again.  

Keep in mind that the pie dough won’t come together in the bowl.  The dough will be shaggy and moist and need a kneading on the countertop.

The dough mixture will be shaggy but all of the flour and butter bits will be moistened. 

The mixture will be moist but far from sticky.  

Don’t be afraid to dump the dough onto a clean counter.  I find that spreading out a bit helps me to know if my dough has the proper amount of liquid.  And at this point, it’s not too late to add more! 

Use the sides and palms on your hands to gently but coercively bring the dough together by pressing and gently kneading.  

This isn’t a tough yeasted dough we’re bringing together, so we won’t be using the palm of our hands and a lot of weight to knead this dough.  

By pressing and gently kneading, we want to encourage the wet bits to come together into a disk.  

Before we get too far along in the gently kneading, now is the last chance to add a dash more water if you find that the dough needs it.  No fear. A sprinkle will do. 

This is the dough about three kneads away from done.  Still a little shaggy and cracked and that’s just right. 

As we practice and grow in confidence, we’ll be able to knead the dough together while keeping the butter cold.  It’s a matter of confidence and speed and we’ll get there.  

Once this dough is brought together, divide it in two to create a top and bottom crust.  Shape each half into a rough disk. 

Wrap and refrigerate.  Every step in pie making is important, but wrapping the dough and chilling it is of the utmost importance.  

Use plastic wrap if you plan to keep the pie dough disks in the refrigerator for more than three hours or overnight.  

If you plan on freezing the dough (which you can do for up to a month) wrap the dough disks in plastic wrap and double seal them by placing them in a freezer safe bag as well.

If you just plan to chill the dough in the freezer for one hour, you can wrap the dough in waxed paper or plastic wrap.  

Off to chill!  

  • 1 hour is essential in the refrigerator. 
  • overnight is totally great
  • this dough can also be frozen for up to one month.  Thaw in the refrigerator overnight before rolling out.  

Rule # 3:  If we’re making one pie crust, we’ll make two!  It’s just as easy to make a double crust pie recipe as it is a single crust.  Having a pie crust in the freezer is never a bad idea! 

All-Butter Pie Crust From Scratch
Yields 2
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Prep Time
20 min
Cook Time
1 hr
Prep Time
20 min
Cook Time
1 hr
  1. 2 1/2 cup all-purpose flour
  2. 1 tablespoon granulated sugar
  3. 3/4 teaspoon salt
  4. 1 cup (2 sticks) unsalted butter, cold, grated on a box grater
  5. 6 tablespoons cold water plus 2 to 3 tablespoons more if your dough is dry
  1. To make the crust, in a medium bowl, whisk together flour, sugar, and salt. Add cold, grated butter and, using your fingers, work the butter into the flour mixture. Quickly break the butter down into the flour mixture, some butter pieces will be the size of oat flakes.
  2. Create a well in the butter and flour mixture and pour in 6 tablespoons of cold water. Use a fork to bring to dough together. Try to moisten all of the flour bits. Add more water if necessary. On a lightly floured work surface, dump out the dough mixture. It will be moist and shaggy. That’s perfect. If you find the dough needs more moisture, add a bit more. Press and knead the dough into a disk.
  3. Divide the dough in two and gently knead into two disks. Wrap each disk in plastic wrap and refrigerate for 1 hour.
  4. To assemble the pie, remove one of the pie dough disks from the fridge. On a lightly floured surface, roll dough out into about a 13-inch round. Roll the dough a few strokes, then use your fingers to move the emerging circle around the floured surface. This ensures that the dough isn’t sticking to the work surface. The circle won’t be perfect, that’s ok.
  5. Try not to get any rips in the rolled out dough, but if you do, they can be patched together with extra dough. When you roll the dough and you can see it start springing back, that means that the butter is warming and the crust shouldn’t be rolled out anymore. Gently lift the 13-inch round from the floured surface and center in a deep 9-inch round pie dish. Place in the fridge while you roll out the top crust.
  6. Roll out the top crust just as you did the bottom crust, moving the dough across the floured surface every once in a while, and creating a roughly 13-inch circle.
  7. Bake pie according to your particular recipe. Share. Enjoy!
Joy the Baker